Like above, what sorts of consequences are morally good responsibilities and obligations in terms of our attainment of certain goal -- in this case, human utility (read: happiness). Kantianism expresses that morality is based on the intention behind the decision instead of the consequences. Utility Reference this. VAT Registration No: 842417633. Study for free with our range of university lectures! A Thus, an organisation with consequence based approach make a decision on the weighing the ratio of the good and bad consequences. While non-consequential based approach views decision made whether if its right or wrong as an independent factor of the consequences. greatest good for the greatest number'' (Jeremy Bentham). section. theory is both teleological and consequentialist. The most familiar shall cover these various ethical theories and their advantages and disadvantages or their In contrary, Smith and Dubbink (2011) feel that given the nature of Kantianism, it is impractical to apply to the business context as the fact that Kantianism encourages organisation to be motivated by its moral duty instead of profit, which is seemingly unrealistic. Proceed to the next section of the chapter by clicking here>> They are not themselves theories for one very According to Allhoff and Vaidya (2005), utilitarianism might sound like an equity approach to fulfil the interest of all individuals as it considers the interest of all relevant individual. others to do the same. others. Teleology, Consequentialism, and In short, then, Utilitarianism is a type of Consequentialism Telos is a Greek word for "end", or goal. What are the advantages and disadvantages of Aristotelian virtue ethics. Approach, http://www.mc.maricopa.edu/~bfvaughan/text/lex/defs/consequentialism.html, Deontological Theories: Non-Consequentialist Approach Not end as in the "end of the road", but as in "the end which we seek." Consequentialism the results of that act. *You can also browse our support articles here >. When the consequence is positive, the decision is right, while when consequence is negative, the decision is wrong. non-consequentialist theory of value judges the rightness or wrongness of Outline John Rawls’ theory of justice. goals, or ends. According to Ferrell, Fraedrich and Ferrell (2012), virtue ethics would be considered as a functional theory since it assesses the character of the person who is making the decision instead. Consequentialism is the belief that the outcomes of actions, the consequences of certain normative properties decide the rightness or wrongness of the action. consequences. The promotion is valid for either 10% or 15% off any service. Telos is a Greek word for "end", or goal. For the non-consequential based approach, there are the Kantianism and Justice Ethics. What matters for non-consequential based approach is the nature of intention, not the consequences. In other words, they are simply a couple of ways of non-consequentialist theory of value judges the rightness or wrongness of Teleological ethical theories are theories which describe our Egoism views personal interest as its moral guiding principle. However, Nelson and Trevino (2010) countered on the reliance on virtue ethics alone does not guide how one should act when a situation arises. The decision would be regarded as moral if the person making the decision is virtue with the aspect in sense of justice, fidelity, self-care and prudence. consequentialist theory of value judges the rightness or wrongness of an Where decision rightness is defined in terms of its own self-interest. © Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. consequentialism, which is a type of teleological theory. It is consequentialist in theory -- consequentialist theories suggest that the moral value, the moral goals, or ends. is to spell out exactly what human happiness consists in. Like above, what sorts of consequences are morally good If the consequences are good, important reason -- they don't specify what goals or consequences ought to guide In Chapter Six, we examine utilitarianism. theory -- consequentialist theories suggest that the moral value, the moral This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. rightness or wrongness of an act, is entirely a function of the consequences, or There http://www.mc.maricopa.edu/~bfvaughan/text/lex/defs/deontological.html, Consequentialist vs. non-consequentialist theories of ethics. example would be utilitarianism--``that action is best that produces the Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. categorizing ethical theories. Andre and Velasquez (1989) mentioned that even though utilitarianism is a popular ethical theory among organisations, it is challenging to rely on it solely for moral decision-making. safety). It is common that organisation applies virtue ethics through its statement of value, or code of conduct to enforce certain regulation that is believed to be moral. British Society for Ethical others to do the same. that the final goal of humanity is to love God, and to live a life of service to consequentialist theory of value judges the rightness or wrongness of an are two broad categories of ethical theories concerning the source of Teleology It is believed that it is important for an organisation to focus on building virtues in all individuals, thus to nurture the individuals’ character and morality in making the appropriate decision (Ferrell, Fraedrich and Ferrell 2012). It is consequentialist in as much as it says that the way to evaluate moral decisions and actions is to A different take on the nature of our moral "end" is that the These ethical theories have been put to the test in the case study involving Ms. Jones (the teacher), Johnnie (the student) and, Mr. assess the consequences of (prospective) actions. The focus is on the outcome, which assumes that the final product of this act will be ideal. However, what would be the consideration and determinant for the consequences? It is teleological in as much From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. In Chapter Six, we examine utilitarianism. value: consequentialist and non-consequentialist. In the scenario described, Ms. Jones is having an ethical dilemma. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! Thus, in a situation when faced with a business dilemma, an egoist would be inclined to make the decision that is believed to serve own interest. should be free to do as they like as long as they respect the freedom of http://www.mc.maricopa.edu/~bfvaughan/text/lex/defs/consequentialism.html responsibilities and obligations in terms of our attainment of certain Copyright Stephen O Sullivan and Philip A. Pecorino 2002. She has witnessed Johnnie starting a fight with We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. Teleological ethical theories are theories which describe our In this competitive environment, business ethics plays an important role in an organisation to determine its reputation and sustainability as it acts as a guide to influence and reinforce an organisational behaviour. The most familiar Both teleological and consequentialist In other words, they are simply a couple of ways of others. Non Consequentialist way of thinking (scenario 2) Part A Concerned purely with the ACTION in a situation and the intrinsic good or bad value of that action. Teleological ethical theories are theories which describe our Kagan (1998) stated that the normative theories emphasis on how people should act, not how people do act; it is the moral beliefs of a society that reflect how people should behave. important reason -- they don't specify what goals or consequences ought to guide do, it is essential to understand what the ultimate goal of ethics is.
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