consequentialism and deontology examples

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Two examples of consequentialism are utilitarianism and hedonism. (The Life of The Wisest Philosopher Explained), Substance Dualism and Physicalism Explained. The goal is for you to compare to prominent modern ethical theories in terms of their key claims and characteristics. Consequentialism is a normative ethical theory, which tries to answer a simple yet complicated question: How can we best live our lives? 1. One problem that we face is uncertainty. This paper explores the strengths and weaknesses of these concepts. The term deontology is derived from the Greek deon, “duty,” and logos, “science.” It is only about following the rules and does not require weighing the cost and benefits of the situation. Not only they are bound by law, but by deontology too. All Rights Reserved. The paper focuses on the argument of W. D Ross in the exploration of deontology, while the paper focuses on the argument presented by Philip Pettit in the exploration of consequentialism. Consequentialism holds that its consequence completely determines the value of an action. If we save just one life, that person may turn out to be a doctor and could potentially save thousands of others in his lifetime. This theory goes back to Plato and Aristotle. It was named by G.E.M. (World of Forms and Eudaimonia Explained), Who Was Socrates? Deontology and consequentialism are two contrasting normative ethical theories that determine the morality of an action. […] Aristotle first asked this before he came up with his theory of Virtue Ethics. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Best Book On The History of Philosophy For General Audience, Here’s Why The Unexamined Life is Worth Living, Who Was Aristotle? A consequentialist, bears risk, as s/he maintains the distance from truth, to see it clearly, for the sake of clearer vision. What would Kant do? Trolley Problem: killing one person to save five? Define these terms and give some examples of ethical theories studied. Plato highlighted what he called “Cardinal Virtues” then Aristotle said there’s more to it and pointed out “Moral Virtues.” ‘. Permissiveness is often a critic of consequentialism. The Trolley Problem: Killing 1 to Save 5, What Would Kant Do? The paper focuses on the argument of W. D Ross in the exploration of deontology, while the paper focuses on the argument presented by Philip Pettit in the exploration of consequentialism. Imagine you are confronted with two options. Similarly, donating money to charity is right, even if the money gets stolen to buy weapons and support wars (which is an extreme case but you get the point). Let’s check some daily life examples of deontology ethics. Helping out someone in need is the right decision, independently of the consequences that could arise. He escaped and went to a hospital before bleeding out. Consequentialism is the analysis of the expected benefit of the results for a given course of action. Its name comes from the Greek word deon, meaning duty. This section provides an overview of the major schools of thought in Western ethics: consequentialism, deontology, virtue ethics, natural law, and moral relativism. The Consequentialism theory follows utilitarianists in that good is what generates happiness. You will write a short narrative that responds to the following prompts: Firstly, explain the core characteristics of deontology and consequentialism. For instance, most people would agree that lying is wrong. From an ethical perspective, personhood creates a range of rights and obligations because every person has inherent dignity – something that is fundamental to and is held in equal measure by each and every person. If an action generates good results, then it is right. Compare and contrast these two types of ethical theory. So, consequentialists, in theory, may support killing, if it prevents more killing. Thirdly, Identify the strengths and weaknesses of each each type of moral theory. Now, the disturbing part. Mygestaltherapy.com is recompensed for referring buyers to Amazon.com. This ethical theory is most closely associated with German philosopher, Immanuel Kant. However, consequentialism focuses on judging the moral worth of the results of the actions and deontological ethics focuses on judging the actions themselves. There’s no way of satisfying every proposed theory out there. The two theories of normative ethics consequentialism and deontology have a different point of view of where explained below (Philosophy basics, 2017): As do all ethical theories, consequentialism tries to pave the ground on what people should do or base their decisions on to act morally. Through empirical means consequentialism seeks the most desirable ends good for mankind. Task: Do Not Kill That is to make decisions based on those virtues. And then you will apply these different ethical positions to contemporary moral problems and various aspects of life. His work on personhood is an example of deontology in practice. The doctors are obligated to attend him because of the law, which varies depending on what part of the world we are. A serial killer just got stabbed while trying to murder someone. It focuses on character instead of actions or consequences. If you could go back in time and kill Hitler as a baby, would you do it? Define these terms and give some examples of ethical theories studied in this course that demonstrate each of these two groups of moral theory. The narrative should be no longer than 500 words. This question has been posed to many years, and it is a classic example of consequentialism philosophy in action. Findings Deontology and Consequentialism are theories of normative ethics where companies embark on voluntary (deontology) or mandatory (consequentialism) discharge of accountability. Instead, you should objectively assess the two moral theories by comparing, contrasting, and applying those moral theories to situations. Explain the core characteristics of deontology and consequentialism. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Philosophy enthusiast sharing the little knowledge I've gotten through a lot of reading, mostly to satisfy my curiosity but also to find answers to the most intriguing questions we ask ourselves! An example of this is the positing of rights not being violated, or duties being kept, as part of the Good to be maximized—the so-called “utilitarianism of rights” (Nozick 1974). One of the most stated examples of this concept is in nursing. It should be largely factual and objective. What is The Repugnant Conclusion Paradox? Actions that obey these rules are ethical, while actions that do not, are not. The goal is for you to compare to prominent modern ethical theories in terms of their key claims and characteristics. Mygestaltherapy.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for websites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. While the other five may turn out to be thieves and criminals, who could end up doing more harm than good. But if telling a lie would help save a person’s life, consequentialism says it’s the right thing to do. The main difference between deontology and consequentialism is that deontology focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, whereas consequentialism focuses on the consequences of the action.

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